Linear equations in two variables
Example 9
Complete Table 6 with solutions to the equation
.
Then graph the solutions and show that
they are collinear.
Definition
An equation that can be written in the form Ax + B y = C (not both A and B zero)
is called a
linear equation of x and y . The graph of all of the solutions to a
linear equation with two
variables is a (straight) line (when graphed in the rectangular coordinate
plane).
Three or more points in the plane are collinear (lie on a common line) if and
only if they all
satisfy a common linear equation.
Example 10
Complete Table 7 with four solutions to the equation x + 2 y = 6. Then graph the
solutions and
show that they are collinear.
Example 11
Complete Table 8 with four solutions to the equation 3 x − 2 y = 6. Then graph
the solutions and
show that they are collinear.
Definition
When a line or a curve is drawn in the xyplane, any point on the line or curve
that also lies on the
yaxis is called a yintercept and any point on the line or curve that
also lies on the xaxis is
called an xintercept .
xintercept: (x,0) yintercept: (0, y)
Example 12
State all of the intercepts of the curve shown in Figure 9.
Example 13
Find the intercepts of the line with equation 3x − 5 y = − 20 .
Example 14
Plot the line 2 x + 4 y = − 8 onto Figure 10 after first finding the intercepts
of the line. Find a
third point on your plotted line and show that it also satisfies the equation.
Example 15
Plot onto Figure 11 several points in the xyplane that satisfy the equation x =
− 4 . What do you
observe? What are the intercepts of the resultant curve?
Example 16
What is an equation for the line in Figure 12? What are the intercepts of the
line?
